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Running a Disk Check in Windows

When computers save files on their hard drives, they do so using record-keeping systems called 'file systems'. Occasionally running a program to go through that file system and verify the records there is one of basic tasks of computer maintenance. Follow the steps below to use the built-in file system checker in Microsoft Windows: (you may need to be an administrator on your machine to do this)

Step Number: 
1
Action: 

Click on to 'Start > Computer'. To display the icon for your 'C: drive'. (It works the same from the icon on the desktop, if you have it there).

Screenshot: 
Windows C drive selected
Step Number: 
2
Action: 

Right-click on your C-drive, and select 'Properties'

Screenshot: 
Select Properties from the pull-down
Step Number: 
3
Action: 

In the 'Properties' window, select the 'Tools' tab, and click on 'Check Now . . .' in the 'Error Checking' box.

Screenshot: 
Click 'Check Now'
Step Number: 
4
Action: 

In the 'Check Disk C:' window, check the box next to 'Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors', and click the 'Start' button.

Screenshot: 
Click Start
Step Number: 
5
Action: 

When Windows complains that it cannot check the disk because it's in use, click 'Schedule Disk Check' to have it run at the next restart.

Screenshot: 
Step Number: 
6
Action: 

Restart the Computer by selecting 'Start > Shutdown > Restart'.

Screenshot: 
Platform: 

For additional help, please contact the LTS Help Desk at 610-758-4357 or helpdesk@lehigh.edu